EU Institutions & Agencies
The European Union (EU) was established in the wake of the Second World War to promote peace, security, socioeconomic solidarity, and other shared values among many diverse cultures. The resultant EU political system is unique in the world: a confederation of 27 countries operating in 23 official languages through a "supranational" system of governance, under which member countries delegate some of their decision-making powers to the following EU institutions:
- Council of Ministers
- European Parliament
- European Commission
EU Government Programs & Community Strategies
A number of EU-funded research programs and nonlegislative community strategies are used as a means of addressing issues of concern that cut across a number of regulatory sectors.
EU Validation Center: EURL ECVAM
EURL ECVAM replaced ECVAM in 2011 as the EU center designated "to promote the scientific and regulatory acceptance of non-animal tests which are of importance to biomedical sciences, through research, test development and validation and the establishment of a specialised database service."
EU 3Rs Centers & Initiatives
In addition to the efforts of ECVAM, a number of independent academic, government, and non-government organizations with 3Rs mandates operate within the EU.
EU Animal Welfare Oversight
EU legislation, regulation, and oversight related to (1) animal care and use for testing and research and (2) replacing animals with alternative models for testing and research.
The Way Forward
A collection of invited commentaries on The Way Forward pertaining to programs and policies in the European Union.